Acapulco 's history
The various modern attractions of Acapulco, its exciting culture and natural beauty, are reason enough to attract many travelers, however, few know the interesting and dramatic legend that was the one that gave name to this beautiful port.
The Yope Indian legend was the inspiration for giving its name to Acapulco. The story goes that Ácatl (cane), the oldest son of one of the chiefs of the tribe was in love with the Princess Quihuitl (rain), daughter of the tribal chief rival.But discouraged to marry her, Ácatl fell into a depression so deep that his own tears melted his body, forming a large swamp of mud where the cane grew.
MeanwhilePrincess Quihuitl with great sadness, was lost in the bay as a cloud, and upon discovering the death of her lover, became a huge storm that destroyed the cane and she died with her beloved Ácatl and this act, were united forever in Acapulco,, that's how they called this place; "where the canes were destroyed".
The Legend of Ácatl and Quihuitl, is only part of the pre-Hispanic history of Acapulco, as some archaeological excavations indicate that the port was inhabited from 3000 BC. The first European to reach the bay on December 13, 1521 was Fernando Chico, who gave him the name of "Santa Lucía" at the Bay of Acapulco, in commemoration of a typical festival in Spain that day. It was at this time that he became Acapulco domain of Spanish colonists who referred to it as "The City of Kings", for having some of the most beautiful beaches - adjective that is still true today.
For the Spanish galleons returning from the East, the Port of Acapulco was declared the official site of trade between Asia and América,thus giving rise to the Fair of the Americas or Nao de China, time when Acapulco was transformed and filled with splendor. This is one of the first forays into the hospitality industry, the main source of employment and foreign exchange earner for the region.
With the departure of the Spanish in 1810, remained outside Acapulco development flow throughout Mexico until the nineteenth century, when the improvement of roads and air service, connected to the port with Mexico City. In 1955, it opened a new road made the trip from Mexico City much more easy and accessible. Shortly thereafter, Acapulco was declared place of fun and entertainment for the elite of international and Hollywood celebrities and wealthy worldwide.
Fort San Diego
It was built in the early seventeenth century to defend ships laden with goods coming from Asia at the time from pirates. The damage caused by an earthquake forced its reconstruction in 1778, ollowing the outline of the old fortress. It has now been refurbished to accommodate the Historical Museum of Acapulco, has ten exhibition halls showing the history of Mexico and Acapulco, and the importance of this strength in various stages of independence.
Diego Rivera´s Mural
It is located in the area of Acapulco Traditional house in Dolores Olmedo. She was the greatest collector of Riveras in the world and close friend of the painter. It is even said that they had a relationship after the death of Frida Kahlo. Between 1956 and 1957, Diego Rivera decided to spend some time in port to recover from his cancer, so he stayed at his friend Dolores and performed there last works before his death. This house is a cultural heritage and is living testimony to the art of Diego Rivera in Acapulco, and if you get a chance, take a tour of Wireless Street # 6 in the Cerro de la Pinzona, from outside can appreciate the mural ExekatlkallióEhecatlcalli (House Echécatl of God), in relief sculpture-painting where deities are materialized Aztec culture, Quetzalcoatl and Tlaloc.